Battle of Halidon Hill (Anglo-Scottish Wars - 19th July 1333)

Thirteen years prior to the Battle of Crecy, Edward III, King of England was besieging Berwick in Scotland in support of Edward Balliol's claim to the Scottish throne. The Scottish army of 1,155 cavalry and 13,500 infantry; totalling 14,655 men, moved forward in an attempt to relieve the siege.

Three miles north-west of Berwick-upon-Tweed the Scottish came face to face with the English army estimated to number around 10,000 men. The Scottish schiltrons advanced uphill directly into the line of fire of the English archers. The pikemen who reached the summit were slaughtered by the English men-at-arms and the counter-attack routed the survivors.

The English suffered few casualties, one knight, one esquire and twelve infantrymen (one English archer also suffered a slight whip-lash injury while trying to keep a Scot in his sights as he ran away). The Scottish lost approximately 4,000 killed, including their leader Archibald Douglas and most of the nobles present.

In the aftermath of the Scottish route, Berwick surrendered and Edward III placed Balliol on the throne.

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